MySQL

Enabling MySQL remote access #

Just run the mysql server with the parameter

--bind-address=0.0.0.0

Example when in a docker compose file:

...
  mysql-dev:
    image: mysql:8.0.4
    command:
     - --bind-address=0.0.0.0
    environment:
      MYSQL_DATABASE: mysql
      MYSQL_PASSWORD: mysql
      MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: mysql
      MYSQL_USER: mysql
    ports:
     - 3306:3306
    volumes:
     - mysql-data:/var/lib/mysql

Or, you can add the bind-address=0.0.0.0 in the /etc/mysql/my.cnf file and restart the server.

Creating a schema and giving an user network access in Mysql 5 and 8 #


create schema mySchema; 

CREATE USER 'myUser'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'myUser';

-- The % bellow is the wildcard to accept connection from the client of any host in the network
grant all privileges on mySchema.* to 'myUser'@'%' identified by 'myUser'; 

Then, the permission granting in Mysql 5

-- The % bellow is the wildcard to accept connection from the client of any host in the network
grant all privileges on mySchema.* to 'myUser'@'%' identified by 'myUser'; 

Or, the permission granting in Mysql 8

-- The % bellow is the wildcard to accept connection from the client of any host in the network
grant all privileges on mySchema.* to 'myUser'@'%''; 

Backing up the mysql database #

Just one table:

mysqldump -u user -ppassword -h 127.0.0.1 -P 3306 --skip-mysql-schema my_db MY_TABLE > dump.sql

Just the schema and ignoring one table:

mysqldump -u user -ppassword  -h 127.0.0.1 -P 3306 --ignore-table my_db.table1 --no-data my_db > nodata.sql

Skipping the schema and ignoring two tables:

 mysqldump -u user -ppassword  -h 127.0.0.1 -P 3306 --skip-mysql-schema --ignore-table my_db.table1 --ignore-table my_db.table2 my_db > smallertables.sql

Execute a script #

Also when you want to import the mysqldump file.

mysql -u user -ppassword my_database -h 127.0.0.1 -P 3606 < dump.sql

Maintenance commands #

Delete logs to increase space #

MySQL keeps some logs for doing its business, to delete it you do:

RESET MASTER; 
-- or, if the instance is a slave
RESET SLAVE;

Optimize the space shrinking tables #

The MySQL does not create space when you delete data. For claiming up the space, you need to do:

OPTIMIZE TABLE MY_TABLE;

For doing it you have to have some space in the machine. Internally, it will create a new file more optimized for the table, and then delete the old one.