Git #

I consider git on of the most important software ever created. It enabled people to work geographically distributed even without internet connection, with automated backups (every repo is potentially a repository backup). Because of git, software could evolve faster than ever.

To update the local list (cache) of remote branches #

# To show all local and remote branches that (local) Git knows about:
git branch -a
# And to update it:
git remote update origin --prune
# Now you can see everything up to date with the origin
git branch -a

Or you can also do a git pull --all to fetch from origin and update all your local branches.

git patch #

To generate a patch from the last 10 commits:

git format-patch -10 --stdout > patch-ddmmyyy.patch

git stash #

Everything is stashed in a stack. To reference it you can do stash@{n} where n is the offset in the stack.

To stash you can do:

# stashes everything 
git stash
# list what is stashed
git stash list
# apply the most recent stash and delete it
git stash pop # it's the same as doing git stash pop stash@{0}
# apply the second most recent stash and delete it
git stash pop stash@{1}
# apply the stashed content and does not delete it like pop does
git stash apply # it's the same as doing git stash apply stash@{0}
# you can set a description to stashed content
git stash save "message"
# you can view a summary of a stash
git stash show
# or to show the full diff
git stash show -p 

Creating a branch from a stash #

git stash branch add-stylesheet stash@{1}

Cleaning up the stash #

git stash clear 
git stash drop # it will drop the stash@{0}

git-crypt #

Git crypt is just awesome. Not perfect, but awesome. It is very useful, despite of its limitations.

Before starting it #

Make sure you have the public gpg key installed:

# List gpg keys
gpg --list-keys 

# List gpg secret keys
gpg --list-secret-keys 

If you don’t have you can generate one with GPG.

Importing keybase keys to gpg #

# import keybase keys to gpg
keybase pgp export | gpg --import

# import private keys to gpg
keybase pgp export -s | gpg --allow-secret-key-import --import

Encrypting a git repository folder #

#initiate it
git-crypt init

#add the public key of the user
git-crypt add-gpg-user 5A3700C672440657ACF09DEFB146A056E9BACD36

Configuring the secret files:

In the .gitattributes file you must do:

# Example 
secretfile filter=git-crypt diff=git-crypt
*.key filter=git-crypt diff=git-crypt
secretdir/** filter=git-crypt diff=git-crypt

src/main/resources/*.yml filter=git-crypt diff=git-crypt

Showing encrypted files #

git-crypt status -e

Changing the author of the last commit #

git commit --amend --author="Eduardo Ivan Pichler <>" --no-edit

Changing the Author for global and local repositories #

git config --global "Eduardo Ivan Pichler"
git config --global ""


git config --local "Eduardo Ivan Pichler"
git config --local ""

Signing your git commits #

Just do git config commit.gpgsign true in your repository.

To sign all commits by default in any local repository on your computer, run git config --global commit.gpgsign true